Most time when we talk about air pollution, many people thought go straight to the smog and the smoke from the car exhaust. That is usually referred to as outdoor air pollution but becomes more life-threatening when it turns into indoor air pollution. Indoor pollution happens when some air pollutant gases and particles pollute the indoor air areas. All these pollutant can induce diseases of the respiratory system or sometime cancer. Getting rid of the air pollutant will help improve the indoor air quality.
In the world population, millions of people prepare their foods using the traditional methods, for example; the use of wood, coal, charcoal, crop wastes and dung’s) on open fires. These practices add to the amount of air pollutant moving inside our home and can leads to dangerous health impairment. According to World Health Organization, estimate of 4.4 million people die from exposure to indoor air pollution yearly.
This house hold pollution is importantly life-threatening as a result of being seen in the indoor surrounding. From recent study, it was discover that about two million deaths takes place every year as a result of household air pollution. The question that many ask themselves every day that passes. What can we do about this indoor air pollution? For you to able to know the effects of indoor pollution you must first get a good background on the cause of indoor air pollution and also what you can do to better both indoor and outdoor air quality.
What Causes of Indoor Air Pollution?
Toxic products or waste, inadequate ventilation, high humidity and temperature are few of the primary causes of indoor air pollution in our homes.
- Asbestos is ranking high among cause of indoor pollution. This substance contains in most material use for home construction and as well in the automotive industry. They are commonly found in paints, coating, building equipment and floors tiles and ceiling. Asbestos are rare this days as new products have are asbestos free composition. However, if you are living in a home built long ago, the risks of asbestos are greater to that of newer home. In the US asbestos has been banned and no longer in used.
- Another leading cause of indoor air pollution is Formaldehyde. Since 1970 it has been banned being produced in the United States but still presents in sealants, paints and wood floors.
- Radon is also among indoor air pollutant. It’s usually find in most building materials and various bedrock. It can dissolve into your home walls and stand as risk to your family health.
- Smoke from tobacco that comes in from outside and inside places can form up the list of indoor pollutant.
- Various contaminants that spring up in damp areas can brought inside from outdoor environment. This contaminant includes mold, mildew, bacteria, dust mites, including animal dander can be brought into your home and can induce sickness.
- There are also numbers of things in your house that contribute to air pollution in the indoor. Things like wood stoves, fire place and space heaters; all emits carbon-monoxide plus nitrogen-dioxide. Millions of people still use all of these objects as fuel to warm their homes on regular basis.
- Similar household products like your paints, varnishes and some cleaning products/detergent can pollute the air you breathe in your home.
What are The Effects of Indoor Air Pollution?
- If Asbestos is found in your home it can cause you very serious health problems such as lung cancer, asbestosis, mesothelioma, and various other types of cancers.
- If contaminants such as animal dander, dust mites or other bacteria get into the home there will also be some serious effects from them. You will start to experience asthma symptoms, throat irritation, flu, and other types of infectious diseases.
- If lead is found in the home it can also be severely life threatening. It can cause brain and nerve damages, kidney failure, anemia, and a defective cardiovascular system.
- Formaldehyde, one of the most common indoor air pollutants, can also cause health problems. You may experience irritation of the throat, eyes, and nose, as well as allergic reactions. There have been a number of cases where it has also caused cancer.
- Tobacco smoke causes individuals to experience severe respiratory irritation, pneumonia, bronchitis, emphysema, heart disease, as well as lung cancer.
- Chemicals such as those that are used in certain cleaning agents and paints can cause you to experience a loss of coordination, liver, brain, and kidney damage, as well as a number of types of cancer.
- If you use gas stoves in your home it can cause respiratory infections and damage and irritation to the lungs.
Ways to Improve Indoor Air quality
- Smoking is on the top list of air pollutant that contributes most to indoor air pollution. Recommendation for such problem is to quit your smoking habit and make your home atmosphere anti-smoking zone. The lesser smoke that is released into your house the lesser chance of anyone of your family or friends living with you getting any of the listed effect of air pollution listed above.
- Do away with the use of gas stove in your home plus certain types of space heaters.
- Take time to check any of your cleaning supplies ingredients to make sure they’re environmentally friendly. Carry out your assignment on what is considerably dangerous cleaning ingredient. To know the exactly what type to buy, you can do a search online to find out a list of environmentally friendly cleaning ingredients.
- Check your home for any radon, mold, bacteria or harmful chemical that may be present in your house. These inspections are generally carried out before you checked into a home, so let this be in your mindset.
- Examine your home for asbestos or related products. This should be done before moving into a new home but if you are living in a home built during the era of the ban of asbestos in the US, it is very necessary to is checking nothing of such still lingering around your home.
- Buy a good vacuum cleaner with strong brushes that can get rid of allergens and chemicals that gather together in your house. Places in your house which are mostly visited must be properly cleaned by using your vacuum cleaner several times.
- Most dirt comes into your home through your shoes. Put a large outside every room door post that will help to lessen the number of dirt and plus similar pollutants from coming into your abode.
Indoor Air Pollution is among the things that are accountable for millions of death records in the world. Most things that we neglect or items we use are responsible for pollution of the air in our home. However, all of the effects of air pollution and how to improve indoor air have been discussed above for you to avoid the causes and implement the solution for better breathing air at home.